Nam Sach district is situated amid of Hong River Delta, surrounded by three rivers: Thai Binh, Kinh Thay and Lai Vu. Consequently, the soil terrain here occupies typical features of alluvial soil: cultivation land is thick, which is suitable for intensively cultivating rice, fruit-trees and other vegetables and crops. The natural area of rivers, with other 50 km of surrounding dykes is suitable for husbandry and aquiculture. Aside from that, a considerable area is also granted for developing industry and constructing two central industrial zones. Therefore, Nam Sach becomes the appealing address for the investors at home and abroad, and becomes one of the dynamic areas in term of constructing the infrastructure of technology and industry at present. In the past years, in respond to the implementation of the orientation for socio-economic development of the Provincial Party committee and Provincial People's Committee of Hai Duong, Nam Sach is one of the six industrially economic zones of Hai Duong have made an important contribution the transfer of economic structure following the orientation: construction industry-agriculture-services.
Agriculture-the steady foundation for the comprehensive development of economy
Getting started with the target of transferring the local economic structure, Nam Sach is going in the direction that: reducing the proportion of agriculture, capital at a high rate in economic structure, economic structure is being transferred to industry, home crafts and service. That is the added value of service sector reaches 22.8%, next industry and construction sector reaches 15.8% and agriculture sector reaches 8.8%.
Agriculture assumes the decisive role, makes a great proportion in economic structure of the district (2002 amounts to 49.3%). By June 2003, breeding sector has represented 33.7%, planting sector has represented 64.5% and service sector has represented 1.8% in GDP of industrial sector. Implementing Direction of developing agricultural economy in the direction of transferring the sector structure, in the recent years, the breeding sector has made a sustainable growth, represented increasingly great proportion in the structure of agricultural sector. The planting sector has gradually decreased its proportion, contributed by declining in cultivation area, increasing in productivity and quality. Following that:
For cultivation, rice is still the key grass with two crops: fifth-month crop and tenth-month crop. Aside from rice, the district also pays attention to expanding the area for cultivating short-day industrial crops and fruit trees such as: ground-nut, bean, litchi, longan…In 2002, the area of rice was 12,472 ha (down 324 ha from 2001). The average output of rice reached 122.42 tons/ha (up 4.5 tons/ha from 2001), the cultivation area of the fifth-month crop in 2003 reached over 6000 ha, productivity of rice reached 76,337 tons, which lifted the average yield of food-stuffs of Nam Sach by 574kg/person/year. The area for growing plants during the summer and winter crops (potatoes, kohlrabi, cabbage… ) has been constantly expanded, which fetches higher income than growing rice. In 2002, there were 3,161 ha for growing plants between the fifth and tenth crops through out the district, nearly reached VND15,53 /ha.
Together with the industrial crops and grain crops, the area for growing vegetables and crops is increasingly expanded, which makes contribution to raising the economical effect compared to the same area for growing rice. The areas for specialising in vegetables and crops cultivation, short-day industrial crops are formed in 11 communes, townships, which have the most favourable conditions to develop (See table 1). Cucumbers, chilli, watermelons, potatoes, soybean have become commodities, which not only meet the district demand, and reach to the neighbouring lands such as Quang Ninh, Hai Phong, Ha Noi but are also initially imported to the Chinese, Korean, Japanese… markets. The production value on one hectare of cultivation is lifted from VND33.3 million (2001) up to VND34.7 million/ha (2002).
Husbandry and aquiculture, in the recent years have been industrially developed. Across the district, there are hundreds of households, each of which raise 30-70 pigs in spy, three co-operatives that raise animals and hundreds of household that carry out aquiculture on a scale of hundreds of plants and animals…. Especially, the establishment of "fish-catching association" in Cong Hoa commune has helped raise the output of fish caught to 1,393 tons in 2002, up 519 tons from 2001.
Basing on the sharp development of agriculture in the direction of commodity production, the areas of specialising in raising animals and planting crops have been soon established in Nam Sach such as: the areas specialising in growing potatoes (Thuong Dat commune), chilli and carrots (An Lam, Thai Tan, Minh Tan), mulberry (Nam Hung, Thai Tan, Cong Hoa), specialising in raising cow (Cong Hoa, An Binh, Hiep Cat communes), fish (Phu Dien, Cong Hoa, Nam Tan, Thai Tan), fowl (Ai Quoc, Phu Dien), pigs (An Binh, Hop Tien, Cong Hoa)…Due to the steady and effective development, agricultural sector becomes the sustainable reserve for the development of industrial zones and groups in the district and the province in future.
If agricultural sector is defined as the key one, such sectors as industry, construction, and home crafts are defined as the motive-creating ones that contributionaly boost the process of transferring the economic structure of Nam Sach. In 2002, there were 2,496 establishments of home crafts and industry with the production value of VND52.5 million. In which, there are 70% establishments on small and medium scale, 30% on large scale, evenly distributed across townships and communes. Building material production is the key industry of the district with the staples of sand and tiles as well as bricks (amounting to 50.53% of the production value of the whole industry). Next, foodstuffs processing industry (garlic and onions drying, rice husking and wine brewery) represents 17.65%. The sectors of woodwork, bamboo-work and furniture make represent 16%. Garment and textile, mechanics make up a small proportion. Aside from that, famous ceramic craft of Chu Dau is being restored (dated back to the 15th century) and some new types of work are being formed such as farming produce processing (in Nam Trung, Nam Chinh, Hiep Cat), rattan and bamboo-like work as well as making rugs (in Phu Dien and Cong Hoa communes), incense making (in Quoc Tuan commune), steel lamination, ship building and repairing in Thanh Quang commune.
In order to promote the industry in the direction of centralising, of high economic effects, the district is carrying out the construction of the industrial zone of Nam Sach on an area of 63 ha, reserved for the industries that don't cause much pollution and employ much labour. Simultaneously, it is establishing the industrial group of An Dong on an total area of 35.18 ha. Consequently, this is a good chance to attract the investors to the locality, to raise the values of industry, home crafts in the economic structure, as well as assure the steady growth of the district economy in the future. By mid-2003, there were 40 enterprises, in which there were 8 foreign-invested ones with the total of invested capital up to VND170 billion, employing approximately 8.500 workers. Fairly large investment projects have got into operations such as Vietnam Formosta Ltd.,Co, sportswear manufacturing company… Exceptionally, the sector of processing has attracted 3 projects: Nghia My Food Co. Ltd, Sang My Co. Ltd, Pacific-Asia Company…
Service is the most dynamic sector in the district, adequately meeting the local demand for production and consumption. In the past years, the proportion of service has uninterruptedly increased. In 2002, the value of service reached VND110.3 billion, up 10.3% from 2001. In which the value of repairing commerce reached VND37.1 billion, VND22.7 billion for transport-communication. There are currently 14 shops of state-run enterprises, 13 Limited Companies, private enterprises and 1,300 households engaging in private trade on small scale, employing nearly 2,000 workers. Small-scale trading places are established in centres of villages in term of purchasing farming produce, agricultural materials, and consumer goods. There are 5 places concentrating on purchasing and transporting farming produce articles such as: Lanh market (Nam Hung commune), La market (Hop Tien commune), Quoc Tuan (Tien Trung-Ai Quoc), Nam Trung (Nam Chinh-Hie Cat). Goods are smoothly circulated in the market mechanism, supply is mainly done by the private sectors.
Developing infrastructure and socio-culture
To lay a firm foundation for socio-economy, in the past two years, the district has focused on constructing the infrastructure serving agricultural production. The total capital for investment in basic construction is on good increase, reaching average 12.2%/year. The transport network has met the basic demand for trading activities and travelling of the people. In the past years, 160.44 km of village roads have been built with concrete, 5C road and over 2 km of intra-provincial roads have been completely upgraded, the newly-built bridge An Son provides favourable conditions for the inter-village transport system. Especially, in 2001, Nam Sach completed the constructions of the district headquarter in Nam Sach Township, moved the district administrative organ from Tien Trung to the central township in order to stabilise the administrative mechanism at the district. In 2003, the district completed some other major constructions such as levelling and filling the lagoon in Thuong Dat commune, Ba Dinh lagoon, reconditioning the Hung Thang (Minh Tan), An Dien (Cong Hoa), and Thuong Dat dykes.
Toward the goal of raising the training result, there are currently 76 schools through out the district, in which there are 24 pre-schools, 23 primary schools, 24 junior secondary schools, 3 senior secondary schools, 1 vocational orientation centre, and 1 permanent education centres. 74.4% of the classrooms of the 76 schools are well built. To date, there are 6 primary schools meeting the national standards in the district, primary education universalisation at the right age is completed and junior secondary education universalisation has been completed since 2000. The quality of comprehensive education and key-career training has been uninterruptedly improved year by year. Socialisation on education is always promoted. The associations for the encouragement of learning are established in 100% villages and working well. Aside from that, 5 community learning-centres have been established, which create conditions for every one to engage in learning.
As far as Healthcare is concerned, Nam Sach has effectively carried out the community Healthcare Programme. The District's Health centre is invested with facilities so that it can better meet the requirements of community healthcare. To date, there are doctors who directly perform medical examination and treatment in 13/23 villages, townships across the district. Medical examination and treatment on Health Insurance is done in 19/23 villages and townships, blindness treatment is granted to those who are supported by the governmental policies. The rate of the natural population growth firmly stays under 1%.
By 2003, the rate of poor households throughout the district stays at 7.4%. By September 2003, poor households according to the stipulation of the Government and the mud walls of the poor households had been completely eradicated. The movement of building cultured life and village is vigorously supported. There are 25/124 villages meeting the standards of a cultured village in Nam Sach, over 73% of households satisfy the standards of a cultured family. Further more, Nam Sach also pays attention to developing culture, sport activities, meeting the demand of public entertainment. At the present, there are stadiums in 16 out of 23 villages, entertainment spots in 90 out of 124 villages across the district, the remaining villages and hamlets have planed locations for building stadiums and entertainment spots.
Developing economy in the direction of exploiting potentials and advantages of the district effectively and safely in order to assure the steady development is the right heading taken by the Party committee, government and people of Nam Sach district. Being the economic buffer zone of Hai Duong city- the most dynamic centre of economy in the province, Nam Sach has got several favourable conditions to better develop socio-economy in the next years.
( According to " Hai Duong - new image in century XXI" -National Politics Publishing House )